Business Courses

BA 100. Introduction to Business Perspectives and Practices 3
An introduction to fundamental concepts of business and the connection between different business disciplines such as management, marketing, finance and accounting. This course is required for a business minor and is open as an elective to non-business majors who what to gain a comprehensive exposure to business perspectives and practices. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 220. Behavioral Science Statistics 3
An introduction to statistical analysis, including descriptive statistics, probability distributions, sampling theory, statistical inference, and regression and correlation analysis. Prerequisites: a Social/Behavioral Science connector course and MTH 107 or MTH 115. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 221. Principles of Accounting 4
An introduction to the fundamental concepts of financial accounting from a user’s perspectives. Topics studied include the balance sheet, the income statement, the statement of cash flows and the accounts that appear on each financial statement. Special emphasis is placed on the relationship of the financial statements to one another and on the use of the information for economic decision making. This course includes an Excel lab. (Offered fall)

BA 222. Principles of Accounting II 3
An introduction to the fundamental concepts of managerial accounting from a manager’s perspective. Topics studied include the classification of costs by behavior and function. These cost classification concepts are then employed to analyze the outcomes of different operating decisions. Excel is incorporated throughout the course as a valuable tool to assist management in decision making. Prerequisite: BA 221. (Offered spring)

BA 236. Principles of Management 3
An introduction to management competencies, organizational structures, and current issues in management. This course is designed to build conceptual development within students as future managers and work team leaders and members. Prerequisite: ENG 112. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 240. Personal Financial Planning 3
An introduction to personal financial planning for non majors. The course covers essential concepts in building wealth, including the time value of money; bank accounts; sources and uses of credit; life, health and vehicle insurance; housing and vehicle purchase options; and investing fundamentals. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 250. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems 4
An introduction to the theory and practice of spatial information using the technology of geographic information systems (GIS). There is an emphasis on hands-on learning using GIS software, hard copy maps, and data from several disciplines. Laboratory. Prerequisites: MTH 113 or MTH 115, ED 200 or BA 202, or permission of instructor.

BA 261. Internship 1–3
An initial outside the classroom experience enabling students to explore new areas or to supplement regular courses. Departmental approval required. Graded on an S/U basis.

BA 300. New Venture Startup 3
This course examines the critical factors involved in the conception, initiation and development of new ventures and the importance of entrepreneurial thinking in professional employment. Students will be led through the process of developing a business plan for a venture of their choice, involving market potential analysis, financial preparation, organization and operation. The course is open to non-majors who wish to explore the option of a venture startup in their field of interest. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 301. Introduction to Leadership 3
Leadership as a process which is an option for everyone. Topics include: leadership theories and models; followership, power and influence, ethical leadership, leading teams, ways women lead, critical thinking and decision-making, leadership development. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 320. Conflict Management: Theory and Skills 3
A theory and skill oriented exploration of effective responses to interpersonal and structural conflicts that surface within organizations and with customers and vendors. This course will help students become skilled listeners and communicators, skilled negotiators and mediators, creative designers of conflict resolution systems within organizations, and proactive agents of effective working relation- ships within and between organizations. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 325. Operations Management 3
This course focuses on the effective management of the resources and activities that produce or deliver the goods and services of any organization. The course will present theories and applications that managers employ to manage the people, materials, equipment, and information resources that an organization utilizes to add value to the process of the production and delivery of its goods and services. Prerequisite: BA 236. (Offered fall)

BA 327. Special Topics
Courses offered by the department to explore topics or issues not covered in regular courses.

BA 330. Organizational Ethics 3
This course is an exploration of the ways in which ethical theory from the western tradition can inform serious issues and problems in business and non-profit organizations. Conversely, the course will explore ways in which actual situations and contexts of case studies from business and non-profit organizations challenge and shape ethical theory. Prerequisite: Junior status. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 331. Intermediate Accounting I 3
Intermediate Accounting is the study of financial accounting theory in relation to reporting practices. The emphasis of this course is on recording transactions and preparing financial statement in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles as promulgated by official accounting boards (i.e. FASB). Prerequisite: BA 221 (Offered fall)

BA 332. Intermediate Accounting II 3
A continuation of Intermediate Accounting I. Prerequisite: BA 331 (Offered spring)

BA 333. Budgeting and Cost Accounting 3
Principles of strategic and operational decision-making through analyzing the cost of activities, functions, segments, quality, products or services. Emphasis on principles of budgeting, and integration of strategy into performance measurement and scorecards. Prerequisite: BA 222. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 341. Human Resource Management 3
An introduction to the principles of HR Management, covering duties and responsibilities of HR departments. The course includes job analysis, interviewing, candidate selection, as well as, training and development. Prerequisite: BA 236. (Offered spring)

BA 343. Introduction to Individual Income Taxation 3
An introduction to the federal income tax system and its application to individual taxpayers. Topics covered include filing status, personal deductions, business deductions, capital gains and losses, tax credits, and the computation of personal tax liability. Prerequisite: BA 221. (Offered spring of even calendar years)

BA 344. Organizational Behavior 3
An introduction to the study of individuals and their behavior within the context of the organization in a workplace setting. Organizational behavior is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management. Prerequisite: BA 236. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 346. Principles of Finance 3
This course is designed to ground students in the basic principles of finance and financial management, including: the analysis of financial statements to identify strengths and weaknesses; the valuation of future cash flows, stock and bonds; capital budgeting decision analysis; long-term financing and capital structure issues, and computation of return and assessment of risk for investments. Prerequisite: ECO 221, BA 221 and MTH 115 or MTH 207. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 351. Principles of Marketing 3
An introduction to the processes by which organizations identify markets and manage product development, pricing, promotion and distribution in order to satisfy market demand. Prerequisites: ENG 112 and BA 236. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 355. Marketing Research and Management 3
An overview of the management of the marketing process, with special emphasis on the identification of customer needs, wants and demands through effective research and information management. Prerequisite: BA 351. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 366. Retailing and Sales Management 3
An advanced marketing course that examines merchandising principles, terminology, basic planning and controls, used in the operation of a retail business with a strong emphasis on the buyer’s decision making process. A research component is included. Prerequisites: BA 220 and BA 351. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 401. Organization Development and Change Management 3
Introduces the theoretical understanding of organizational behavior, with particular attention on the impact of change on individuals and the organization. Explores strategies for promoting development of the organization and capacities for responding to change. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 410. E-business Strategies 3
An overview of the strategies, technologies, and resources used by companies to sell, market, and distribute goods and services over the Internet and private networks. Trends and developments in e-business are explored through online investigation, classroom discussion, team exercises, and case research and analysis. Prerequisite: BA 351 or RSM 223. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 420. The 21st Century Leader 3
A skill oriented exploration of current theory and processes used by managers and leaders to develop organizational vision and accomplish goals by applying effective leadership techniques. Students will learn how to successfully lead organizations while considering the far reaching impact their organizations will have on the economic, social, and ecological future. Prerequisite: BA 236. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 425. Decision Making in the 21st Century 3
An introduction to the principles of the decision making process. The course focuses on how managers and organizational leaders assess decision contexts and make “smart” decisions. The course will examine decision making tools such as quantitative analysis, use of decision trees, and fishbone analysis. Prerequisite: BA 220 (Offered fall)

BA 437. Principles of Business Law 3
Principles of business law, with an emphasis on the language, elementary principles, and methodology of the U.S. legal system. Pre requisites: BA 221, BA 236, BA 346, BA 351, and ECO 221, or instructor permission. (Offered fall and spring)

BA 440. Personal Finance and Investment 3
An introduction to personal financial planning for majors. The course covers essential concepts in building wealth, including the time value of money; bank accounts; sources and uses of credit; life, health and vehicle insurance; housing and vehicle purchase options; and investing fundamentals. Prerequisite: ECO 221, BA 221, and ENG 112. (See advisor for course rotation)

BA 444. Auditing 3
An introduction to the overall framework of auditing and assurance services including both conceptual and procedural matters. The course includes a discussion of ethical concepts of the accounting profession. Prerequisite: BA 332 or concurrent registration (Offered spring of odd calendar years)

BA 450. Senior Seminar 3
An advanced course designed to integrate the functional concepts and techniques from the foundation courses in the business curriculum. This course provides the student with a thorough appreciation of the role of strategic management, with emphasis on strategy formulation and implementation for the organization. Prerequisites: Senior status + 3 concentration courses (Offered fall and spring)

BA 457, 458. Directed Readings
Independent readings approved and directed by a member of the department.

BA 460. Independent Study
An individual program of reading and research directed by members of the department and approved by the chair of the department.

BA 461. Internship
A field-learning experience that enables the student to apply knowledge and skills and to attain certain specified learning goals in a work-related environment. Requires department approval. Graded on an S/U basis.