Tree Trail

The Tree Trail is a walking tour of significant specimen trees on the main portion of the university campus. The trail follows sidewalks and paved paths and is approximately 0.75 mile (1.2 km). Start the trail at the flag poles near Tree #1 or at Broyhill Chapel near Tree #32. Tree labels are attached to the tree trunk or a nearby post. The label includes the common name and scientific name of the species along with its native region of origin. (A brochure and map is available in PDF form for you to download.)

A Source of Education

Beyond natural beauty, the trees on campus provide educational opportunities for MHU students and general public.

Biodiversity

More than 60 species have been identified on the campus grounds, and over 40 species are included on the tree trail. Most of the species are native to the southern Appalachian Mountains, but a few specimens native to the temperate regions of western North America, Europe, Asia are also present.

The southern Appalachian Mountains host more than 100 species of trees. The region is one of the most biologically diverse temperate regions of the world due to mountainous topography and variety of environmental conditions. Within 50 miles of campus, one can visit locations among the driest and wettest in North Carolina: Weaverville and Mount Mitchell, respectively. Likewise, temperature varies from the warm low elevations of the French Broad River valley to the cool high peaks of the Craggy and Black Mountains. The southern Appalachians are a place where south and north meet. Southern trees, such as sweetgum, coexist in the same landscape with red spruce, a tree common in New England.

The environs around campus support mixed deciduous forests composed of species adapted to moderate temperatures and moist to dry soils. Oaks, pines, maples, ash, hickory, and tuliptree are common.

History

Forests have long provided important resources for people. Native Americans found food, such as acorns and hickory nuts, along with medicinal plants in these woods. Early European settlers cleared the land for farming. However, there is more forest around Mars Hill now than in 1900.

During the 20th century forests increased in landscapes of the southern mountains. Social and economic changes led to the abandonment of farms, and those fields and pastures reverted to forest. Populations of wild life, such as bear, deer, and forest wildflowers and birds increased with this additional habitat.

In the early 21st century, forests near major cities and transportation corridors are being replaced by residential and industrial development. Today, woodlands provide timber, clean water, and recreational opportunities which enhance our quality of life.

Map number / Scientific and Common Name

50 Acer platanoidesNorway Maple
3, 33, 48 Acer rubrumRed Maple
1 Acer saccharumSugar Maple
24 Aesculus flavaYellow Buckeye
14 Amelanchier sp.Serviceberry
23 Asimina trilobaPawpaw
34 Betula nigraRiver Birch
Cedrus atlanticaBlue Atlas Cedar
41 Cercis canadensisEastern Redbud
26 Chionanthus virginicusWhite Fringetree
22 Cladrastis kentukeaKentucky Yellowwood
10, 49 Cornus floridaFlowering Dogwood
7 Crataegus sp.Hawthorn
43 Fagus grandifoliaAmerican Beech
4 Fraxinus americanaWhite Ash
8 Ginkgo bilobaMaidenhair Tree
29 Gymnocladus dioicusKentucky Coffeetree
25 Hamamelis virginiaAmerican Witchhazel
21 Juniperus virginianaEastern Redcedar
9, 12 Liquidambar styracifluaSweetgum

Map number / Scientific and Common Name

32 Magnolia grandifloraSouthern Magnolia
13 Malus sp.Apple
27 Metasequoia glyptostroboidesDawn Redwood
2, 47 Picea abiesNorway Spruce
15 Picea pungensBlue Spruce
16 Pinus strobusEastern White Pine
40 Platanus occidentalisAmerican Sycamore
36 Prunus subhirtellaWeeping Higan Cherry
5, 42 Quercus albaWhite Oak
37 Quercus bicolorSwamp White Oak
46 Quercus coccineaScarlet Oak
18, 44 Quercus palustrisPin Oak
31 Quercus rubraNorthern Red Oak
28, 35 Sassafras albidumSassafras
20 Taxodium ascendensPond Cypress
6 Taxodium distichumBald Cypress
11 Thuja occidentalisArborvitae
30, 39 Tilia americanaAmerican Basswood
19 Tsuga canadensisEastern Hemlock
38 Tsuga carolinianaCarolina Hemlock
17 Ulmus americanaAmerican Elm

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